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Physical Science Semester Exam Study Guide 1st Semester

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First Semester 2004 - 2005
Exam Dates:
1st period:    Tuesday, December 14
2nd period:  Wednesday, December 15
3rd period:   Wednesday, December 15
4th period:   Thursday, December 16
5th period:  Thursday, December 16
6th period:  Friday, December 17
7th period:  Friday, December 17

Topics Covered on Exam:
 
1.   Experiments-research skills
2.   Measurements-metrics and conversions
3.   Matter
4.   Properties of Matter
5.   Atoms and Elements
6.   Molecules and Compounds
7.   Chemical Reactions
8.   Types of Reactions
9.   Nuclear Chemistry
10. Organic Chemistry
11. Acids and Bases

Areas of Special Emphasis:
 
1.  Process and research skills - experiments
2.  Metrics and conversions
3.  States and properties of matter
4.  The periodic table - elements, groups, metals, nonmetals, metalloids
5.  Naming and writing compounds
6.  Balancing equations
7.  Types of reactions
8.  Nuclear decay - uses of nuclear energy
9.  Hydrocarbons, alcohols
10. Acids and bases

I.  Experiments
     A.  Parts of an experiment
           1.  control
           2.  variable
                 a.  independent variable (x-axis)
                 b.  dependent variable (y-axis)
     B.  Scientific method
           1.  Determine the problem
           2.  Make a hypothesis
           3.  Test your hypothesis (experiment)
           4.  Analyze the results
           5.  Draw conclusions
      C.  Graphs
            1.  line - shows change over time
            2.  bar - shows comparisons
            3.  circle - shows percentages
 
II.  Metrics and Conversions
       A.  based on units of 10
       B.  King (kilo) Henry (hecto) Died (deca) [base unit] Drinking (deci) Chocolate (centi) Milk (milli)
       C.  Base units are gram (amount), meter (length), and liter (volume)
       D.  Know formula for density and how to use it.
       E.  Be able to make metric conversions.  Know basic information such as 1000 m = 1 km, 100 cm = 1 m, 0 degrees Celsius = 273 Kelvin, and 1 cubic decimenter (dm cubed) = 1 liter.  1000 mL = 1 L, 1 cubic decimeter = 1000 cubic centimeters.  1 L = 1 cubic decimeter, 1 mL = 1 cubic centimeter.